Alice Paul founded the National Women’s Party in 1916 as a lobbying organization to promote women’s suffrage, Nonviolent, dramatic protest were the hall mark of the NWP’s operation in Washington D.C. Suffrage marches, picketing at the White House, arrest, and speaking tours raised the public profile of the movement. Protestors faced violence from both passer-by and the police.
During the Suffrage marches the and other events, women wore sashes and carried the banners with this purple, white and orange-gold stripe pattern. In 1920, the 19th amendment was ratified granting women the right to vote. Alice Paul authored the equal rights amendment (ERA) in 1923, which reads simply “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States on the account of sex.” Congress passed the ERA in 1972, but the amendment was not ratified by enough by enough states to become part of the Constitution.